Validating data

Reference | Web Services

After data is captured from a client’s HTTP request into a target object, handler.WsHandler next performs validation of the captured data before it is passed onto your logic component.

Each step of the validation process is optional and by default no validation is peformed. The logical steps are:

  • Pre-validation manipulation
  • Automatic rule-based validation
  • Manual code-based validation


Under some circumstances your code might want to modify the captured data before it is validated. Possible reasons to do this include:

  • Normalisation of data
  • Cleanup of messy data if your API is quite permissive about what is submitted

If your code requires this step, you must create a component that implements handler.WsPreValidateManipulator and set a reference to that component on the PreValidateManipulator field of your handler.

Granitic will call the PreValidate method you define. If your code encounters problems and decides that validation should not proceed, it should return false - and ideally add service errors to the ws.ServiceErrors object that is passed in.


Data captured into a target object can be automatically validated by Granitic using rules you define in configuration. This is a major feature of Granitic and is documented in its own section of the reference manual.

Manual validation

If you do not want to use automatic validation or if you have complicated validation scenarios that automatic validation does not support, you can perform manual validation where you write code for the checks you need to make.

To do this, your logic component must implement handler.WsRequestValidator

Granitic will call the Validate method you define. Any validation errors encountered should be recorded by adding service errors to the ws.ServiceErrors object that is passed in.

Automatic and manual validation

There are some circumstances under which you will want to define some validation as rules to be automatically applied and some additional validation to be applied manually. This is supported, but you will need to be aware of the DeferAutoErrors bool field on your handler.

The default setting is false which means that if automatic validation fails, manual validation will not be applied and your handler.WsRequestValidator.Validate() method will not be called.

Setting the field to true means that your manual validation will always be called after automatic validation (pass or fail), but your manual code needs to be aware that the data may be in an inconsistent state (e.g. some fields might be missing).

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